The Queen Mother and the Golden Stool of Ashanti

Attention: open in a new window. PDFPrintE-mail

User Rating: / 23
Article Index
The Queen Mother and the Golden Stool of Ashanti
The War of the Golden Stool
All Pages

The Ashanti Kingdom in Ghana West Africa, was founded in the seventeenth century by King Osei Tutu I, with the help of his feared Priest Okomfo Anokye. The myth is told that Okomfo Anokye conjured the famous Golden Stool from the sky and landed it on the lap of King Osei Tutu, the first King of the Ashantis. The Fetish Priest declared that the soul of the nation resided in the stool and the people must preserve and respect it. Ashantis believe that just as a man could not live when his soul is taken, so the Asante people would disappear from history if ever the Golden stool were taken away from them. Covered with pure gold, the Golden Stool is never allowed to touch the ground. When a new Ashanti King is installed, he is merely lowered and passed over the stools three times without touching it. Whenever the golden stool is taken out on special occasions, the Asantehene follows it.


The Ashanti Kingdom was rich in gold reserves, hence it grew in popularity and became the center of the gold trade, which was largely responsible for the development of Ghana into a powerful, centralized kingdom. The peoples of West Africa had independently developed their own gold mining techniques and began trading with people of other regions of Africa and later Europe as well. At the time of the Kingdom of Ghana, gold was traded for salt that came down from the Sahara desert. The Ghanaian kings controlled the gold that was mined in their kingdom and implemented a system of taxation for their people. Around 1054, the Almoravid rulers came south to conquer the Kingdom of Ghana and convert the people to Islam and it was another 400 years before the first Europeans arrived on the Gold Coast of Ghana.  Arriving in 1471, the Portuguese encountered the Ashanti Kingdom’s control of the gold deposits. By 1482, the Portuguese had built the Castle of Elmina and several forts along the coastline, from where they traded knives, salt, mirrors, rum and guns for gold. News of the successful trading spread quickly, and eventually English, Dutch, Danish, Prussian and Swedish traders arrived as well. Originally interested in trading in gold and spices, the Portuguese set up colonies on the uninhabited islands of São Tomé in the 16th century. There they found that these volcanic islands were ideal for growing sugar, a labor-intensive undertaking. Portuguese settlers were difficult to attract due to the heat, lack of infrastructure, and hard life. Hence, to cultivate the sugar the Portuguese began to seek the use of the more resilient African laborers. Soon, Elmina Castle on the Gold Coast, which was originally built with African labor by the Portuguese, became an important depot for slaves.


In 1821, the British government steadily began the expansion of their colonial power through the invasion of local kingdoms, particularly the Ashanti and Fante confederacies. Abolishing the African Company of Merchants, the British seized privately held lands along the coast, taking over the remaining interests of other European countries, annexing the Danish Gold Coast in 1850 and the Dutch Gold Coast, including Fort Elmina, in 1871. The Ashanti people, who had controlled much of the territory of Ghana before the Europeans arrived started to resist the British and fought three wars with the British colonial invaders. Believing the Stool to be the rallying force of the Ashanti’s and the cause of the people’s continued resistance of colonial rule, the British Governor demanded for the stool, which was also desired by the British for its legendary beauty and obvious value. Topped with a curved seat that is 46 cm high with a platform 61 cm wide and 30 cm deep, the Golden Stool’s entire surface is inlaid with gold.  In order to protect the stool, Asantehene Prempeh 1 surrendered himself and was sent into exile in 1896. Now certain of victory, the British governor, Lord Hodgson, demanded that the Asanti turn over to the British the Golden Stool. Below is a record of Hodgson’s speech to the people of the Ashanti Kingdom:


+2 # Munsa Nzinga Kandomb 2011-01-12 10:37
via fb
Thank you very much. Kathiopa is for a major bend of its history, we have to unite not to leave any more whoever it is to plunder us, to boss us, to humble us, to despoil us...
The hour of the liberation rang for each of us in the most total... union.
As for me, I shall cross, I shall by-pass or I shall pulverize any obstacle which will raise itself on my road, no matter its nature
0 # 2014-04-03 08:35
A fascinating discussion is definitely worth comment.
I think that you should write more on this subject, it might not be a taboo
matter but typically people do not discuss such subjects.
To the next! Kind regards!!
0 # womenã¢â�¬â 2014-04-23 03:33
For latest news you have to visit web and on the web I found this web site as a finest web site
for latest updates.
0 # Sell Sterling silver 2014-05-09 18:57
If you wish for to get much from this article then you have to apply such methods to your won web site.
0 # sell gold 2014-05-09 19:32
hello!,I love your writing so much! proportion we keep up a correspondence
extra approximately your article on AOL? I require a
specialist on this area to solve my problem. May be that's you!
Looking ahead to peer you.
0 # 2014-05-09 20:00
I think this is one of the most significant
info for me. And i'm glad reading your article. But should remark on some general things, The web site style is great, the articles is
really great : D. Good job, cheers
0 # Http://Www.Yelp.Com/ 2014-05-22 15:12
Awesome post.
0 # Http:// 2014-05-22 15:22
Hey! I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering if you knew where I
could locate a captcha plugin for my comment form? I'm using the same blog platform as yours
and I'm having difficulty finding one? Thanks a lot!
0 # LB 2014-06-01 12:49
If you loved this article, you will love Enjoy!
0 # 2014-06-27 01:09
Does your site have a contact page? I'm having trouble locating it but,
I'd like to send you an email. I've got some ideas for your blog you might be interested in hearing.
Either way, great blog and I look forward to seeing
it grow over time.
0 # http:// 2014-06-27 15:36
Aw, this was a really nice post. Finding the time and actual effort
to create a good article… but what can I say… I hesitate a lot and don't seem to get anything done.
0 # Is What Men 2014-07-22 11:06
Hi, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one and i was
just wondering if you get a lot of spam comments? If so how do you stop it, any plugin or anything you can recommend?
I get so much lately it's driving me crazy so any help is very much appreciated.
0 # Hardcore 2014-08-05 23:01
Undeniably believe that which you said. Your favorite reason seemed to
be on the net the easiest thing to be aware of.
I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while people think about worries that they just do not know about.
You managed to hit the nail upon the top and also defined out the whole thing without
having side effect , people can take a signal. Will likely
be back to get more. Thanks
0 # กำจัดป 2014-08-21 06:38
I'll right away take hold of your rss feed as I
can not to find your e-mail subscription hyperlink or newsletter service.
Do you have any? Please permit me realize so that I could subscribe.

0 # we vibe 2 2014-11-08 16:50
I know this website offers quality dependent posts and additional data,
is there any other web page which offers these data in quality?
0 # how much are 2014-11-14 15:36
Its like you learn my thoughts! You seem to
know so much approximately this, such as you wrote
the ebook in it or something. I believe that you can do with
a few % to force the message house a bit, but other than that, that is
great blog. A fantastic read. I will definitely be back.
0 # We-Vibe 2 2014-12-11 04:21
I was wondering if you ever considered changing the layout of your website?
Its very well written; I love what youve got to say. But maybe you could a
little more in the way of content so people could connect with it better.
Youve got an awful lot of text for only having one or two pictures.
Maybe you could space it out better?
0 # Does Capture His 2014-12-18 01:50
Wow, this post is pleasant, my sister is analyzing such things,
therefore I am going to convey her.
0 # ชาทีมิ 2015-01-04 20:48
I get pleasure from, result in I discovered exactly what I used to be having
a look for. You have ended my four day long hunt! God Bless
you man. Have a great day. Bye

Last Updated on Friday, 17 May 2013 07:47
Written by Samira I. Hassan

| XHTML & CSS Valide